Botanical Name: Ocimum gratissimum Country of Origin: Vietnam Extraction Method: Steam Distilled Plant Part: Leaves and Twigs Aroma: Sweet, pungent, clove-like, somewhat bitter green/herbaceous aroma, with a soft balsamic-woody undertone; very persistent sweetness
About Ocimum Gratissimum:
Ocimum Gratissimum was extracted from fresh leaves of Ocimum gratissimum by hydrodistillation. The species Ocimum gratissimum Lamiaceae (O. gratissimum L.) is a subbrush native to Vietnam and Asia. Ocimum gratissimum is an aromatic, perennial herb, 1-3 m tall; stem erect, round-quadrangular, much branched, glabrous or pubescent, woody
at the base, often with epidermis peeling in strips. Leaves opposite; petiole 2-4.5 cm long, slender, pubescent; blade elliptical to ovate, 1.5-16 cm x 1-8.5 cm, membranaceous, sometimes glandular punctate, base cuneate, entire, margin elsewhere coarsely crenate-serrate, apex acute, puberulent or pubescent.
Inflorescence a verticillaster, arranged in a terminal, simple or branched raceme 5-30 cm long; rachis lax, softly pubescent; bracts sessile, ovate, 3-12 mm x 1-7 mm, O. gratissimum is a variable polymorphic complex species, often subdivided into subspecies, varieties and formas, mainly based on differences in chemical content, the morphology of the fruiting calyx, and on different degrees of hairiness, but the variation forms a continuum.
Properties of Ocimum Gratissimum Oil:
Appearance: Clear, Mobile liquid
Colour: Pale yellow to yellow color
Specific gravity at 20℃: 0.980 – 1.100
Refractive Index at 20℃: 1.520 – 1.550
Optical rotation: -21 to +21℃ Main components: The fresh aboveground parts of O. gratissimum contain 0.8-1.2% essential oil. The chemical composition of the oil is variable and at least 6 chemotypes have been reported, characterized by the main component of the essential oil: eugenol, thymol, citral, ethyl cinnamate, geraniol and linalool..
Essential oils are compounds found in plants that have different properties related to survival and defense of these plant species. However, the chemical composition of the oil varies according to the genotype of the plant, geographical origin, environmental conditions, season of the year, method of extraction of this oil and its preservation.
It iswide spread in traditional medicine in Vietnam, China and several countries, mainly in the form of teas and infusions of its leaves. It is used to treat abdominal pain and cough and colds, pruritus, stress and headache. Also, there are reports of the use of O. gratissimum to treat upper respiratory tract infections, pneumonia, conjunctivitis and skin diseases.
The whole plant and the essential oil have many applications in traditional medicine, especially in Vietnam and India. Preparations from the whole plant are used as stomachic and in treating sunstroke, headache and influenza. The seeds have laxative properties and are prescribed against gonorrhoea. The essential oil is applied against fever, inflammations of the throat, ears or eyes, stomach pain, diarrhoea and skin diseases. It is being tested as an antibiotic. Other products: In Indonesia (Sumatra) a tea is made from the leaves, while in Thailand the leaves are applied as a flavouring. In Indonesia the eugenol-type of O. gratissimum is used in the ceremonial washing of corpses and is planted in graveyards. In India O. gratissimum, named 'ram tulsi', is widely used in religious ceremonies and rituals
Possible skin sensitivity. Keep out of reach of children. If you are pregnant, nursing, or under a doctor’s care, consult your physician. Avoid contact with eyes, inner ears, and sensitive areas.