Siam Wood Oil
Botanical Name: Fokienia hodginsii
Country of Origin: Vietnam
Extraction Method: Steam Distilled
Shelf Life: 5+ years
Viscosity: Moderately thick liquid
Plant Part: Wood and Roots
Perfume Note: Base
Aroma: Rich, warm, sweet, creamy, woody, balsamic and slightly coniferous
Blends well with: Agarwood (Oud), Cedarwood, Cinnamon Bark, Frankincense, Geranium Egypt, Grapefruit, Jasmine sambac, Lavender, Lemon, Neroli, Vanilla, Ylang Ylang.
Siam Wood Oil Properties:
Appearance: Clear, Mobile Liquid
Colour: Red yellow.
Specific gravity at 20℃: 0.895 – 0.920
Refractive Index at 20℃: 1.490 – 1.499
Optical rotation at 20ºC: + 10° to + 20°
Main components: Fokiennol 40 - 45%, Nerolidol 30-35%
Siam Wood essential oil, also known as Pemou, Po Mu, Fujian Cypress, Coffin Wood, and Bois de Siam, is a precious wood oil from the evergreen conifer Fokienia hodginsii. This 100% pure, authentic essential oil has a sensuous, warm, creamy, sweet, and balsamic aroma similar to Sandalwood but with nuances of Rosewood and faint Cypress back notes.
This not well known, and not often used essential oil in Western aromatherapy, surely deserves consideration in natural perfume and spiritual blend creations. It has an extremely calming and pleasant aroma for use as a base note in natural perfume and is a less costly alternative to Sandalwood. Siam Wood essential oil is grounding and clearly a must have for spiritual blends. It melds beautifully with Frankincense for a wonderful meditation blend for regaining a new positive, or transitional, perspective.
Siam Wood is native to Asia and recognized as a single genus; the only one living species classified in the subfamily Cupressoideae within the family Cuprressaceae. The aromatic quality of this precious wood peaks after a tree matures to a height of 80-100 feet. Exploitation as a durable fragrant wood resource for furniture and handcrafts in Vietnam caused indiscriminate harvesting. Thankfully sound ecological replanting practices were started hopefully saving the Fokienia h. tree from similar over harvesting situations seen with Rosewood, Sandalwood and other precious woods. Interestingly, the trunk and roots abandoned by loggers as worthless for timber are where the highest concentration of Fokienol is located and from where this natural essential oil is distilled. The main contents of this essential oil consists of over 32% Fokienol and 30% trans-nerolidol.
Siam Wood was once used in Asia to build coffins since the wood demonstrates high resistance to degradation by insects and moisture. Perhaps this characteristic inherent with this precious wood is why Siam Wood essential oil is an effective natural insect repellent, particularly against mosquitoes, and documented in scientific research performed on essential oils with high sesquiterpene content.
In Vietnam the Siam Wood (Pemou, Po Mu) tree is believed to bring eternal life and is used aroma-therapeutically in many parts of SE Asia as an antiseptic, rheumatic anti-inflammatory, in therapeutic massage to enhance vitality, reduce muscle and skin inflammation. It is also diffused in an oil diffuser to help kill bacteria, purify and disinfect the air, and an effective mosquito and insect repellent.
Aromatherapy use: Ambient diffusing may aid adrenal fatigue, low testosterone, depression, grief, stress, improve mental clarity
General uses: Diffuse in oil diffuser; precious woody base note fixative in natural perfume, meditation, chanting, spiritual blends, natural insect repellent
Contraindications: Avoid if pregnant, breastfeeding, with infants or children. Possible skin irritant, use in moderation.